Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard Major General US Army V1

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In July he took command of the Army of the Tennessee and led part of Gen. William T. Sherman's troops on the march through Georgia.

Howard's sympathetic interest in African Americans led president Andrew Johnson to appoint his commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau in May Howard returned to Army life in He commanded expeditions against Indians in the West in and He was superintendent of West Point from to In the campaign of Chancellorsville see Wilderness he commanded the XI corps, which was routed by "Stonewall" Jackson, and in the first day's battle at Gettysburg he was for some hours succeeding Doubleday after Reynolds's death in command of the Union troops.

The XI corps was transferred to Tennessee after Rosecrans's defeat at Chickamauga, and formed part of Hooker's command in the great victory of Chattanooga. When Sherman prepared to invade Georgia in the spring of the XI corps was merged with the XII into the new XX, commanded by Hooker, and Howard was then placed in command of the new IV corps, which he led in all the actions of the Atlanta campaign, receiving another wound at Pickett's Mills. He served in the Peninsular Campaign, and at the battle of Seven Pines Fair Oaks he was twice wounded, losing his right arm.

In he was superintendent of West Point; and in he commanded the Department of the Platte, in the Department of the Pacific, and in the Department of the East. From until his retirement in , he commanded the prestigious Division of the East. In this position he took part in the " March to the Sea " and the' Carolinas campaign.

In he was promoted major-general and in he retired. Government in of Howard University, at Washington, especially for their education, was largely due to him; it was named in his honour, and from to he presided over it. Howard wrote 10 books, several dealing with his work among Native and African Americans. He died of old age. Howard commanded troops in many important engagements during the Civil War and took part in General William T.

Sherman's "March to the Sea.

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He was superintendent of the United States Military Academy - In he aided in establishing Lincoln Memorial University. He held honorary degrees of various universities, and was a chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Assigned to a division in Major General James H. Wilson's cavalry, he led troops in the Franklin and Nashville Campaign, ending his combat service there.

He mustered out in Together, they built a cabin near Ottawa, Kansas in Commander As a midshipman in the United States Navy prior to April , Renshaw was appointed commander at the outbreak of the war, attached to Admiral Farragut's squadron. He captured Galveston, Texas in October In January , he refused to surrender his ship. He died on January 1, in the process of setting fire to his ship.

Brigadier General From to , Wise served as the governor of Virginia.

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In June , he volunteered and was appointed brigadier general. He served in the campaign in western Virginia, and subsequently, his command was moved to North Carolina. He served in the defense of Charleston, South Carolina, before heading south to Florida. In May , he came north to serve in the defense of Richmond.

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He served at the battle of Drewry's Bluff, and later, at the Battle of Saylor's Creek as a division commander. He served until the surrender two days later. On March 3, , the three ironclads under his command conducted an eight-hour bombardment of Fort McAllister as a test of their effective force against an earthen fort. The fort did not fall. Lee, submitted his resignation to the U.

Navy on April 17, His resignation was not accepted; however, he was dismissed five days later. He immediately accepted a commission in the Confederate Navy. When the U. After the Confederate Navy was forced to burn the yard to prevent its capture by the Union Navy, he was made captain and put in charge of the batteries at Drewry's Bluffs, Virginia.

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In May , he was second-in-command during the Battle of Drewry's Bluff. Sidney remained at this post until the end of the war. He served in the merchant service on British and American vessels prior to the Civil War. For this he received the Medal of Honor. Following the war he continued in the U. Navy for three years, during which he traveled around the world. He lived in Wisconsin for a time and then moved to Blairstown, Iowa at the end of his life. He died January 28, Under the orders of former Governor Jackson, he led his newly recruited command into action at the Battle of Carthage with devastating results.

Several months later, in September , he commanded a column at the Battle of Dry Wood Creek when his force was surprised by enemy cavalry. Although they won the battle, the victory did not improve his reputation as a poor field commander. In March , he was wounded at the Battle of Pea Ridge, and, subsequently, he was chosen to remain behind when the Missouri State Guard crossed the Mississippi in April.

In October, he was finally relieved of command for his incompetence. He commanded this regiment at the Battle of Ball's Bluff.


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In Spring , he was commissioned as a brigadier general. At the Battle of Antietam, he was wounded, and did not return to duty until July He returned to service as a major general, but he saw no more active duty, allocated to inactive theaters of operation. Born in Memphis on September 23,, Mary Church Terrell became nationally known both for her support of women's suffrage and her opposition to racial segregation. She was the first African American to serve on the D.

School Board She later served as president of the National Association of Colored Women , and as a member of the Committee of Forty, the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People She died on July 24, She worked as a teacher, including three years as a governess on a Virginia plantation, before her marriage to a Unitarian minister. As a reporter for the Northwestern Christian Advocate, she was the only female correspondent to cover the Republican National Convention's nomination of Abraham Lincoln.

During the war, she volunteered with the Chicago Sanitary Commission, a local branch of the U. After the war, she launched her career as an advocate for women's rights when he founded the Illinois Suffrage Association. In , she published a detailed account of her wartime experience in My Story of the War. She died in Brigadier General Accompanying his brother, Charles Ellet, as an aide-de-camp, in , Alfred joined the ranks of the Union army as a lieutenant colonel.

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He helped his brother, who was an engineer, to convert ships into rams to go into battle against ironclads. On June 6, , they both served at Memphis and his brother died of his wounds. Afterward, Alfred served with the Department of Mississippi, including service with the Marine Brigade in Alfred continued in this capacity until December 31, , when he resigned his commission and returned home. General Erastus Wolcott was born in and was influential in Wisconsin politics while practicing medicine before the war.

When the war began, Wolcott was named state surgeon general. Wolcott was later appointed by Congress to the national governing board.


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  • Wolcott continued to assist the ill and unfortunate until his death in He served as slave Dred Scott's attorney and argued his case for freedom before the Supreme Court. The Blairs opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act of and threw their weight to the free soil movement and the newly formed Republican Party.

    Blair was Postmaster General from to , advised Lincoln on important matters such as the reinforcing of Fort Sumter and was instrumental in keeping Maryland a Union state.

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    Blair died on July 27, McClellan as a colonel of engineers. In June , he was elected colonel of the 23rd Ohio Infantry, and received his promotion to brigadier general.

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    During the campaign through West Virginia, Rosecrans led a brigade at the Battle of Rich Mountain, and afterward, assumed command of the army from General George B. After Pope was transferred to the Eastern theater, Rosecrans took command of the army. He led his new command into the battles of Iuka and Corinth under the orders of Gen.